Basics About Acne that You Should Aware Of

Acne is a common term in households and beauty premises all over the world. It is a skin condition that affects not only teenagers but babies and adults as well. The most affected part of the human body is the face but acne can also appear on the chest, neck, and back. A pimple outbreak is a good example of acne.

What is acne?

This skin condition manifests in terms of blemishes such as pimples, whiteheads, blackheads, lumps or rashes sometimes.

Some of the misconceptions about acne include a bad diet and poor hygiene causing it. However, it could a hereditary or hormonal issue. You may try to wash your face as often as possible and avoid foods such as processed sugars but fail to control acne.

How does acne occur?

The skin has oil glands that should produce oils to nourish it. However, when the oil is too much, it clogs pores on the skin. This causes two problems blackheads for large pores and whiteheads for small heads. Pores are the openings on the skin where hair follicles grow. Now, it is these heads that develop into pimples or inflamed skin. The worse condition could be lumps. This is usually a swelling under the skin that could be painful when touched and my, unfortunately, become infected.

As mentioned earlier, acne is an adolescence problem by 80%. The rest accounts for adult acne. It is worse if a teenager has oily skin, as such a skin type produces more oils thus increasing build up in the pores. The good news is it gets better when someone reaches his or her 20s.

Both males and females face this problem. The severity of acne depends on a person’s skin and other things that only nature can explain. It does not matter if one is male or female. However, it is said that women or girls face moderate levels of acne while men struggle with the severe forms.

Causes of acne

It is not enough to know what acne is, but also what causes it. This way, it is easier managing and curing it. Well, here are the causes of the skin condition that many struggles with.

Hormonal changes

As children reach puberty, their bodies start to produce substances or say hormones that alter things in their systems. The common hormone for both genders is androgens. Boys release testosterone. These hormones tell their bodies to secrete more sebum, which is the oil the skin produces in its oil glands. Considering every part of the body is covered by skin, you can imagine the risk of acne occurring. However, some parts are more prone to acne than others.


When oils clog pores on the skin, it is possible for bacteria to enter the area. It then leads to white and blackheads. If the pores are unable to hold the amount of accumulated oil, they let go and the oil reaches the nearing tissues causing papules, which are usually inflamed. If they grow further, they become nodules that are big and tender. When a person has face acne, he or she needs to avoid touching it, as hands transfer harmful bacteria to the face. One should keep the face as clean as possible and wash it twice a day after waking up and before going to bed.


Some pills may cause acne. For some women, they may reduce it. IUDs and injections can also cause skin breakouts. There have been cases of bodybuilders developing acne after using steroids as well.

Newborn acne

Acne does not spare kids. Some newborns especially boys may have rashes on the forehead and face, which goes away on its own. Unfortunately, for some children, it may leave behind scars. The good thing it is not painful so your baby will not cry about it.

Just because you did not suffer the wrath of acne when a teenager does not necessarily mean you will escape it forever. You could have the condition in adulthood. A bacterium by the name Propionibacterium acne cases this skin problem. It causes more harm when it multiplies and gets into skin pores because it will break down sebum (skin oil) causing inflammation. However, how severe acne depends on how a person’s skin reacts to an increase in sebum levels. For some people, an increase causes few pimples, but for others a serious breakout.

Now that you understand what acne is, and its causes, you have the knowledge you need to handle it better and seek the help you need. The better you know a skin condition the more you understand how to handle it.